19 July (TODAY IN HISTORY) Collected facts include the people born today, the death of famous persons, war conflicts, freedom of any country, the invention of new technology, change of power, important national and international day etc.
Important events of 19 July
- Battle of Halidon Hill during the War of Scots was in 1333, in which the British won a decisive victory over the Scots.
- In Prussia’s Berlin 1510, 38 Jews were burned alive.
- Lady Jane Gray, 15, was ousted in 1553 as a queen of England after nine days.
- Under the leadership of King Charles, the Swedish army occupied the city of Krakow in the Czech Republic in 1702.
- The British army badly defeated the Nawab Meer Qasim of Bengal in the Battle of Katwa in 1763.
- Charles Darwin arrived in the city of Ascension in 1836.
- The first Women’s Rights Conference was held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York.
- In the Taiping Rebellion in 1864, the Chinese Empire finally defeated Taiping in the Third Battle of Nanking.
- France announced the war against Prussia in 1870.
- The first Metro Rail was run in Paris, France’s capital, in 1900. The world’s first Metro service was started in London.
- In the war of World War I, the British and Australian forces attacked the German army in 1916, in the Battle of Fromelles
- In France, for the second time in 1926, under the leadership of Edouard Herriot, the government was formed.
- Adolf Hitler ordered Great Britain to surrender in 1940.
- British Prime Minister Winston Churchill started the ‘We for Victory’ campaign in 1941.
- During World War II, 500 ally forces invaded Rome in 1943.
- The first film was shown in 1961 on the plane.
- Joy Walker became the first person to travel in space through aircraft in 1963.
- The US launched ‘Explorer-35’ to enter the lunar orbit in 1967.
- The government of India took the decision to nationalize 14 major banks of the country in 1969.
- Apollo II astronaut Neil Arm Strong and Edwin Eldrine walked out of the yacht in 1969 and walked in the orbit of the moon.
- The bones of Indian revolutionary Udham Singh were brought from London to New Delhi in 1974.
- Sagarmatha Park was built in Nepal in 1976.
- The nation’s revolution of Nicaragua was successful in 1979.
- Under the Russian Federation between Russia and its separate Republic of Chechen, the agreement for granting the status of ‘Chechen Republic’ is completed in 1995.
- The Irish Republican Army announced the ceasefire for the second time in three years in 1997, which would have been effective from the afternoon of 20 July.
- Nepal’s Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala resigned from his post in 2001.
- Since 2001, import of 30 items including cards, lipstick, nail polish and chess are banned in Afghanistan.
- Russia’s astronaut Yuri Malenchenko became the first person to get married in space.
- After being avoided three times, the Ariane-5 French flagged off the Coru launch center in Guyana, 2004, about the world’s largest telecommunications satellite.
- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh addressed the US Congress in 2005.
- In Israeli attack in Lebanon in 2006, 55 people including 3 Indians were killed.
- In Iraq, an American soldier Marine corporate Trent Thomas was convicted of killing 11 disabled children in 2007.
- The US tested the missile capable of hitting long distances by setting targets in the Pacific Ocean in 2008.
Read More: Important events of 18 July
Born on 19 July
- Samuel Colt who invented the revolver was born in 1814.
- Mangal Pandey, the forerunner of the freedom struggle, was born in 1827.
Renowned chemist Harman Echtelinger, who received the Nobel Prize in Germany, was born in 1881.
- The famous Russian poet Vladimir Mayakoshi was born in 1893.
- Bengal Muslim leader Khwaja Nazimuddin was born on 19 July 1894.
- Indian astrophysicist Jayant Narlikar was born in 1938.
- Former 39th Chief Justice of India, Altamas Kabir was born on 19 July 1948.
- Malayalam poet’s famous poet Nallapat Balamani Amma was born on July 19, 1909.
- King Tumku Jafdar of Malaysia, Ibnie Almarham Tumku Abdul Rahman was born in 1922.
- Dinesh Singh was born on 19 July 1925, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth, the eighth and the ninth Lok Sabha member.
- Indian physicist Jayant Vishnu Narlikar was born on 19 July 1938.
Died on 19 July
- South Korea’s first President, Syngman Rhee died in 1965 during exile.
- 2012 – Prithi Nath Dhar was the Private Advisor and Secretary of Economist and Indira Gandhi.
National/International Holidays and Observations List
- Martyrs’ Day (Burma)
- Sandinista Day or Liberation Day (Nicaragua)
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