20 July (TODAY IN HISTORY) Collected facts include the people born today, the death of famous persons, war conflicts, freedom of any country, the invention of new technology, change of power, important national and international day etc.
Important events of 20 July
- Henry I, the successor of Robert II, took over as King of Spain in 1031.
- Allauddin Khilji declared himself the Sultan of Delhi on 20 July 1296.
- Under the Anglo-Portugal Treaty, Portugal was under England in 1654.
- Madhav Rao became the first Peshwa in 1761.
- Colombia announced independence from Spain in 1810.
- The German astronomer Theodor discovered Comet Brosnan-Metcoff in 1847.
- Ford Motor Company launched its first car on the market in 1903.
- The first partition of Bengal was approved by Indian Secretary in 1905.
- Pancho Villa was assassinated on 20 July 1923.
- Soviet Sports Newspaper Sovatsky Sports was founded on 20 July 1924.
- In London, in 1933 five lakh people rallied against anti-Semitism
- After the withdrawal of Japan’s name in 1938, Finland was given a host of Olympic Games in 1940.
- The United States attacked Japan-occupied Guam on 20 July 1944.
- Shah King Abdullah of Jordan killed at the first attack in 1951 in Jerusalem.
- France declared Tunisia an independent country in 1956.
- Colon President, Shrimovo Bhandar Nike elected the world’s first woman president in 1960.
- 17 African countries and Madagascar signed the peace agreement with the European Council in 1963.
- In 1969, the human was the first step on the surface of the moon. Astronaut Neil Armstrong had created this history.
- Thousands of Turkish soldiers in Turkey attacked northern Cyprus in 1974, failing to negotiate in Greece’s capital Athens.
- Under the Freedom of Information Act, a document issued in 1977 by the American investigative institution, CIA, was acknowledged that he was involved in brain control experiments.
- Verma’s army-backed government imprisoned opposition leader Ang Shang Sookie in his house in 1989. They have been imprisoned for 14 years in the last 20 years.
- Agreement on Indo-Bangladesh in 1997 on water sharing of Teesta river.
- After the Taliban decree, 250 of the Care International and Medicines Sense Frontiers, left Afghanistan in 1998.
- Rao (India) elected president of UNISAPS-3 (Space Conference), inaugurated in 1999, the first Buddhist stupa in Spain.
- The Zimbabwean Parliament started its new session in 2000, which allowed the opposition to sit for the first time in a decade.
- North and South Korea started air travel service on 20 July 2002.
- In Canada, gay marriage was legalized in 2005 and it became the fourth country to do so.
- The Supreme Court of Pakistan gave the decision to reinstate Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, who was dismissed by the Musharraf government in 2007.
- American Foreign Minister Condoleezza Rice in 2008 approved the extradition of Indian American doctor Jayant Patil.
- Twenty-one people were killed and 29 were injured in a bus accident in 2012 in New York, Mexico.
- Ram Nath Kovind was elected the 14th President of India on 20 July 2017.
Read More: Important events of 19 July
Born on 20 July
- Alexander the Great was born in 356 BC.
- Sir Edmund Hillary, who first won Mount Everest, was born in 1919.
- The famous Hindi actor Rajendra Kumar was born on July 20, 1929.
- The former Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Kalikho bridge was born on July 20, 1969.
- The famous and talented actor of Indian cinema, Naseeruddin Shah, was born on July 20, 1950.
- Public worker Ganesh Vasudev Joshi was born in 1820.
- Famous Indian classical musician and tabla player Samanta Prasad was born in 1921.
Died on 20 July
- German mathematician Bernard Riemann died of TB disease in 1866.
- Balkrishna Bhatt, one of the top producers of modern Hindi literature, died on July 20, 1914.
- Chandra Nath Sharma, one of Assam’s first non-cooperative and founder of Congress in Assam, died on July 20, 1922.
- The goalkeeper Marconi died at the age of 63 in 1937 and invented the radio.
- The famous revolutionary of India, Batukeshwar Dutt, died on July 20, 1965.
- The famous playback singer Geeta Dutt passed away on July 20, 1972.
- Jeet Quendo Martial Arts Movement Founder, actor, director Bruce Lee died July 20, 1973.
- Hashim Ansari, the main advocate of the Ayodhya-Babri Masjid land dispute, died in 2016.
- India’s first woman judge Anna Chandi passed away in 1966.
- The daughter of a British military officer, Meera Ben died in 1982 and who was influenced by the principles of Mahatma Gandhi in ‘Indian Freedom Struggle’ to propagate Khadi.
National/International Holidays and Observations List
- Día del Amigo (Argentina, Brazil)
- Engineer’s Day (Costa Rica)
- International Chess Day
Also, know this day in other months: