protest

Why we protest | Protests That Changed The World

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Protest have historically led to the improved protection of human rights, and continue to help define the dimensions of civil, political and economic rights Social and cultural rights and protection around the world.

In recent years, millions of people have taken to the streets to protest their governments and claim their rights. While protests are nothing new, the response to them has changed, as crowd-control weapons like tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons have become standards for protest suppression. So,

Where are some of the worst places to protest?

Well, although destructive and even deadly public demonstrations happen around the world, a few places stand out as particularly hazardous.

1. Palestine

Israel has been contentiously occupying the Palestinian territories for decades, and in recent years, Israeli security forces have been cracking down on local protesters.

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In October 2015, tensions between Palestinians and Israeli security forces culminated in widespread protests, during which, Israeli forces aggressively used rubber bullets, water cannons, and unlawful arrests to put down dissent.

From October to December of 2015, Israeli police detained thousands of activists and killed more than 130 Palestinians. Although a number of those who were unlawfully killed had taken part in stabbings, shootings, and other attacks, many were civilian bystanders. Most of the Israeli security agency’s violations went unpunished.

2. Turkey

Turkey, which has a long history of violent or even fatal police intervention at demonstrations. Turkey’s constitution specifically grants freedom of peaceful assembly with or without the state’s permission, however, Turkish police routinely use excessive force to control protests.

This was demonstrated over the course of 2013 and 2014 when an estimated three and a half million people across the country protested their authoritarian president and his party. By the end of 2014, an estimated 45 people had died and more than 8 thousand people had been injured during demonstrations.

Security forces detained thousands of people, charging hundreds under the country’s anti-terror law, which considers any anti-government demonstrations as acts of terror. In many cases, those who organized protests over social media were given longer sentences.

3. Egypt

The most dangerous place to protest in Egypt. During the 2011 Arab Spring revolution and subsequent demonstrations, more than 800 people were killed and roughly 6,000 were injured. Most of these casualties were a result of crowd-control weapons, like tear gas and rubber bullets.

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                                                          Arab Spring

Egyptian police were alleged to have used shotguns against protesters, filled with birdshot. One officer was caught on video firing at protesters’ upper body to maximise injury. These instances are not unique to the Middle East.

Over the last few decades, popular protests have become considerably more frequent all over the world. In 2014, a series of protests in Ukraine resulted in thousands of casualties. 

4. HONGKONG

In the year 2014, protests broke out in Hong Kong, leading to hundreds of arrests and injuries.

5. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Meanwhile, the United States saw violent uprisings, as thousands took to the streets of Ferguson, Missouri to protest the death of Michael Brown. Local security forces responded with full riot gear, shotguns, tanks and M-4 assault rifles, not unlike those used by US forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.

President Obama has since condemned these actions and introduced legislation to prohibit local police from using military equipment.

Until other governments follow suit, it’s likely that these dangerous protests will continue.

– >Why Are Chemical Weapons Banned But Not Nuclear?

10 Protests That Changed The World

                Source: Today

  • The Alexanderplatz demonstration in East Germany, 1989

Between half a million and millions of people gathered in East Berlin to demand political reform. within days the communist regime collapsed and the Berlin wall fell.

  • Stonewall riots (USA), 1969

A police raid on a New York City gay bar led to an eruption of unrest. The Riots called for Equality and they remain a landmark event in the gay rights movement.

  • The storming of the Bastille France, 1789

Fury at King Louis XVI’s reign led to angry mobs taking to the streets. When they stormed the Bastille prison they ignited the French Revolution.

  • The people power revolution Philippines, 1986

Rigged elections by Ferdinand Marcos’s repressive regime sparked protests. Forced to step down, Marcos was replaced by Corazon Aquino, who brought democracy.

  • The Tahrir Square protests in Egypt, 2011
Over million people gathered to demonstrate against the 30-year regime of Hosni Mubarak. In a little over two weeks, he was too forced to resign.
  • Soweto uprising in South Africa, 1976
Some 500 people died during these student protests, including children. It strengthened anti-apartheid movement domestically and internationally.
  • Muharram protests in Iran, 1978
Between 6-9 million people took to the streets to overthrow the shah. His exits severely damaged US influence in the region.
  • March on Washington (USA), 1963

200,000 people marched on the US capital demanding equal rights for the African-Americans. The Civil Rights act successfully passed in 1964.

  • Salt Satyagraha movement in India, 1930

Gandhi embarked on a 240-mile long ‘salt march‘ to protest against British colonial law. 60,000 Indians would be arrested in the coming months as protests spread.

  • The Boston tea party USA, 1773

Around $18000 of tea was thrown into the sea by American colonists angry at British rule. The protest was the precursor to the American revolution.

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5. Iraq war protests

On February 15, 2003, an estimated 3 million people gathered in Rome, up to 2 million in London and, hundreds of thousands in other cities around the world to protest the Iraq war. Before the US invasion of Iraq, that was worldwide opposition from many facets.

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Former US diplomats, Christian heads and countless others issued statements of opposition. Through the invasion went forth over 50 countries condemned it and consider it illegal and that’s at this point the three million strong protests in Rome was listed as the largest in history.

4 The Tahrir Square uprising

  Source: ARAB SPRING TIMELINE

With the constant emergency law, corruption, economic and countless other issues remaining unchanged for 30 years under the rule of Mubarak, Egyptians began protests in Tahrir Square a major public area in Cairo in January 2011.

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Resulting from these protests Mubarak resigned from his presidency. After a new president was elected that left the Egyptian people even more discontent than before, as many as 14 million Egyptians gathered in protest. This resulted in president ordered a military takeover of the country. Until a new election took place in 2014.

3. Gezi Park protests

Starting in May 2013 against the proposal of turning Istanbul Gezi Park into a shopping mall. A mass protest eventually began against the Turkish government. An estimated 3.5 million of turkey, 80 million population took an active part in almost 5,000 demonstrations across the country.

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They demanded freedom of the press, a secular government and the right to safely protest. After the protests, the park remained as it was and the police brutality against the protesters which seriously injured at least 8,000 people gained international headlines.

2. Protests against SOPA and PIPA

SOPA the Stop Online Piracy Act and PIPA the protect intellectual property Act were introduced back in 2011. These bills were created in an attempt to stop online piracy and protect copyright, with other efforts already in place to combat these issues many feared that these acts would be a detriment to content creators who are not already established and give the media Giants even more power.

Protests

With these prospective bills, sites would be delisted and shut down without warning, which would inevitably stifle innovation and enable further censorship of the web. Against these proposed bills over 10 million U.S. citizens signed petitions and over 100,000 websites joined the protest another 4 million people sent emails to their senators and congressmen regarding the bills.

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After these events, the bills were eventually thrown out.

1. The Occupy movement

Starting in 2011 and continuing until the present day, this movement was created to promote wealth equality and fairness around the world. Its slogan is We are the 99% and you’ve more than likely seen some of its web presence.

With millions of participants from over 60 countries worldwide, it has gained quite a large. Following their first major protests included Occupy Wall Street and they’ve had quite a few breakthrough cents.

On November 5th the movement urged for Americans to take their money out of large banks and transfer them into smaller community credit unions an estimated 600,000 Americans participated.

Protest

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Why is the right to protest important

Protest enables individuals and groups to express their opposition and grievances, It is an exchange of opinions and views. It is revealed the flaws of governance and the public demand that the authorities, Or non-governmental actors.

The problems that occurred, and to hold them accountable for their actions. The right to protest includes the exercise of numerous rights. It can be essential to secure all human rights. Protests also play an important role in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural life of all societies.

However, in many parts of the world, To treat protests either as a source of inconvenience to be controlled Or as a threat to be extinguished. In fact, Protests encourage the development of a knowledge-based population engagement and enable them to participate directly in public affairs that affect their lives.

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